• According to the United Nations, more than 10 million Afghans have registered to vote in spite of uncertain security and attacks on some polling sites and election workers. 41 percent of registered voters are women.
• The government of Afghanistan and the United Nations have formed the Joint Electoral Management Body (JEMB) to supervise the election and ensure a transparent and credible election process.
• 18 presidential candidates, including one female candidate, are running in the election.
• Polling will take place at some 22,000 polling stations throughout Afghanistan, as well as in Afghan refugee camps in Pakistan and Iran. There are some 600,000 eligible voters in Iran and more than 600,000 in Pakistan.
• To ensure that no one votes more than once, each voter's right index finger will be stained with a long-lasting ink before the voter leaves the polling station. In addition, each voter's registration card number will be recorded and his or her card punched.
• International monitors and support teams from the European Union, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the United States, and the Asia Network for Free Elections will be in Afghanistan for the election, joining Afghan observers.
• In order to ensure that ballots are counted in a transparent manner, the media will have access to the eight tabulation centers. Because of the ruggedness of the terrain, the remoteness of many towns and villages in the country, and the need to ensure transparent and credible counting of the paper ballots, it could take up to four weeks to tabulate the official results.
• A run-off election would take place between the two top candidates if no candidate receives a majority of the vote.
If necessary, a run-off would be held two weeks after the official results are certified.
• The United States has worked closely with Afghan leaders and international partners in preparing for this historic election. The United States to date has provided $78 million (40 percent) of the $198 million needed to prepare for and carry out the election.
The Long March to Elections
• Afghan representatives from all over the country came together in a Loya Jirga (or grand council) in 2003 to choose an interim government and establish procedures for adopting a constitution.
• A draft constitution was distributed throughout Afghanistan in 2003, and Afghans from all walks of life joined the official Constitutional Debate.
• In the autumn of 2003, meetings were held at the local and provincial levels to select delegates for the Loya Jirga meeting in December to debate the draft and adopt the new constitution. More than 90 of the 500 delegates participating in the Loya Jirga were women.
• The Constitutional Loya Jirga convened on December 14, 2003, and after three weeks of debate, negotiation, and compromise, it approved a new constitution on January 4, 2004.
• The constitution establishes a democracy with an executive branch and a bicameral legislature. The lower house will be chosen by direct elections, while the upper house will be evenly divided between representatives selected by provisional councils, representatives selected by district councils, and presidential appointees. Checks and balances exist between the branches of government.
• President Karzai signed a new electoral law on May 25, 2004.